Table of Contents
- 1 🥇 Best Survival Water Filters
- 2 ⭐ Reviews – Best Survival Water Filter 2021
- 3 🧾 Emergency Water Filter Buyer’s Guide
- 4 Why Water Filters Are Important to Emergency Preparedness
- 5 Water Sources During Disasters & Emergencies
- 6 Contaminant Risks With Untreated Water
- 7 Water Treatment Methods for Emergency Preparedness
- 8 Types of Survival Water Filters
- 9 Considerations When Buying an Emergency Water Filter
- 10 Frequently Asked Questions
- 10.1 Do I need a water filter for emergencies?
- 10.2 Are emergency purification solutions easy to use?
- 10.3 Can all emergency filters offer the same level of protection?
- 10.4 Which is best, a UV purifier or a water filter?
- 10.5 Should I opt for a trusted survival water purifier brand?
- 10.6 How do I care for a survival water purifier?
- 10.7 What’s the difference between a water filter and a water purifier?
- 10.8 Can I use a filtering solution for anything other than emergency preparedness?
Contaminated water kills. An estimated 780,000 people die from drinking dirty water per year. Take a second to let that statistic sink in.
In most parts of the US, we’re very fortunate to have easy access to tap water that’s safe to drink. But if you’re visiting a developing country and won’t have access to clean water, it’s vital that you prepare in advance.
If you’ve arrived on this guide, you already know that. You’re looking for the best emergency water filter, and I’m here to help.
Why trust me?
I review water filters for a living. I know what makes a good product – and, more importantly, what makes a cr*p one. I’ve written for key water industry publications like WQP Magazine, WWD Magazine, and Sawyer Products, and nearly 100,000 monthly visitors rely on my knowledge when they’re in the process of buying a filter.
I’ve ranked the emergency filters on this list in order of reliability and effectiveness. There’s no arguing with the fact that when you’re in the wilderness and dirty water is your only drinking source, reliability is absolutely the most important feature of your filter.
In all, I tested over 20 emergency filters with untreated lake & river water, and the 8 featured below are the only ones I would trust 100%.
In this guide, I’ll cover:
- Reviews of the top 8 survival filters in 2021
- The 5 types of survival water filters available
- 7 things you must consider when buying an emergency water filter.
🥇 Best Survival Water Filters
- Big Berkey Gravity-Fed Water Filter
- Sawyer MINI Water Filtration System
- Water-to-Go Filtered Bottle
- MSR MiniWorks EX Microfilter Water Filter
- Platypus Gravity Water Filter
- Katadyn Vario Water Filter
- CrazyCap UV Purifier Bottle
- LifeStraw Personal Water Filter
|Big Berkey Gravity-Fed Water Filter||Type: Gravity|
Weight: 7.45 pounds
Filter lifespan: up to 6,000 gallons
👉 Read the full review
|Sawyer Products MINI Water Filtration System||Type: Straw|
Weight: 2 ounces
Filter lifespan: 100,000 gallons
👉 Read the full review
|Water-to-Go Filtered Bottle||Type: Bottle|
Capacity: 18 or 26 oz
Filter lifespan: 52 gallons
👉 Read the full review
|MSR MiniWorks EX Microfilter Water Filter||Type: Pump|
Weight: 1.3 Pounds
Filter lifespan: 2000 liters
|Platypus Gravity Water Filter||Type: Gravity|
Weight: 15.2 ounces
Filter lifespan: 300 gallons
|Katadyn Vario Water Filter||Type: Pump|
Weight: 15 ounces
Filter lifespan: 500 gallons
|CrazyCap||Capacity: 17 or 25 oz|
Filter longevity: n/a
👉 Read the full review
|LifeStraw Personal Water Filter||Type: Straw|
Weight: 2 ounces
Filter lifespan: 4,000 liters
⭐ Reviews – Best Survival Water Filter 2021
Big Berkey Gravity-Fed Water Filter
The Big Berkey is one of the best easy-to-use water filtration solutions.
This stainless steel countertop filter comes with two Black Berkey elements, which can remove more than 200 impurities, including chlorine, fluoride, lead, viruses, bacteria and protozoa.
With its impressive impurity removal, the Berkey is a great choice for anyone who’s looking for the most thorough water filtration solution, helping to not only make water safe to drink, but also improving its taste and smell.
This Berkey water filtration system uses gravity filtration, which produces water at a slower rate per minute – but the Big Berkey is worth waiting around for. You simply add water to the Berkey system’s top chamber and wait for it to pass through the filter elements and into the bottom chamber, where it’s clean and ready for drinking.
Though the Big Berkey perhaps isn’t the best portable water purifier out there – it’s not like you could fit the entire stainless steel body in your pocket or your backpack – it’s ideal for providing a large amount of potable water for up to four people at a time.
👍 What I Like
- Best water filter for thorough filtration
- Durable stainless steel design
- Large capacity – 2.25 gallons of water
👎 What I Don’t Like
- Other portable water filters are smaller and more lightweight
- Takes longer to produce potable water per minute
Sawyer MINI Water Filtration System
The Sawyer MINI is up there with the best water purification solutions offered by Sawyer Products. This versatile personal filter can be used as a straw, connected to a single-use water bottle, or attached to the included pouch or a hydration bag to produce clean, potable water for on-the-go drinking.
The 0. 1 micron filter is the best you can get, and with a lifespan of 100, 000 gallons of water, you can rely on the Sawyer MINI for a lifetime of filtered drinking water. This filtration system is so effective that it removes more than 99.99% of bacteria and protozoa, and uses absolute filtration to quickly filter water while trapping contaminants in its U-shaped microtubes.
Being small enough to fit in the palm of your hand and lightweight, the Sawyer is the best water filter for travel. It’s incredibly convenient – you can simply choose your preferred method of filtration and get started straight away – and you don’t need to buy any add-ons at all if you just use the filter as a straw or with the included pouch.
👍 What I Like
- Impressive lifespan – 100, 000 gallons of water
- Versatile, multiple uses
- Small and lightweight
👎 What I Don’t Like
- Doesn’t remove virus microorganisms
- Can’t be used with a wide-mouth water bottle
Water-to-Go Filtered Bottle
The Water-to-Go is a filtered water purifier bottle that comes in two different BPA-free styles and sizes. Using 3-in-1 filter technology, this product is one of the best water filters in a bottle for producing clean, potable water on the go, removing more than 99.99% of all microbiological contaminants.
What makes the Water-to-Go unique is its ability to filter out virus particles. Its mechanical filter can reduce pore size to 0.7 microns, and the membrane’s positive hydrostatic charge can even trap viruses down to 0.03 microns in size. Considering the best water filters for survival generally have a 0. 2 micron filter, this is certainly an impressive feat.
There’s also an activated carbon filter in the Water-to-Go, which improves taste and smell and eliminates impurities like chlorine and lead. Of all the water purification solutions on this list, however, this isn’t the best water filter when it comes to lifespan, with the 75 cl filters in the large bottle lasting 3 months (around 40 gallons of water) and the smaller 50 cl filters lasting for 2 months (just under 30 gallons of water).
👍 What I Like
- Can filter viruses
- No setup required
- Two bottle size options, 3 styles
👎 What I Don’t Like
- Filter lifespan could be better
- Flow rate may be affected towards end of filter lifespan
MSR MiniWorks EX Microfilter Water Filter
Tested to meet NSF P231 for bacteria and protozoa removal, the MSR MiniWorks is a pump filter that can produce 1 liter per minute (roughly 0.2 gallons of water). It uses a ceramic carbon element to filter impurities from natural water sources, with its 16-ounce size making it lightweight and compact enough to take with you on your travels.
With this type of water purification filter, you simply connect the plastic tube and dip one end into a source of water. The water then flows through the filter when you press the pump, and can be collected in a container of your choice.
Each ceramic element has a lifespan of around 2, 000 liters, or nearly 450 gallons of water, so you won’t have to worry about replacing the filter for at least a decade. The filter fits both wide-mouth bottles and an MSR MiniWorks bag, which you’ll need to pay extra for, and there’s also the option to attach a hose to the filter base, so you can collect water using whichever method suits you.
👍 What I Like
- Long-lasting filter (around 450 gallons of water or 2, 000 liters)
- Removes pathogens and impurities like chlorine, pesticides and lead
- Good rate of water flow – 1 liter per minute
👎 What I Don’t Like
- Requires some effort to pump water yourself
- Larger than some water purification solutions
Platypus Gravity Water Filter
The Platypus is a gravity water purifier that can produce around 0.4 gallons of filtered drinking water per minute – or just over 1 gallon of water in 3 minutes. It uses a 0. 2 micron filter that can trap microorganisms like bacteria and cysts.
This water purification filter is easy to use: you just connect the two 4-liter reservoirs, one for dirty water and one for purified water, with the included tubing and filter, then hang the bags from the included hangers, fill the dirty water reservoir and wait for filtration to take place.
The microfilter included with the Platypus has a lifespan of 1,500 liters, or around 330 gallons of water, so this filter will last you for many years before you need to think about buying a replacement. You will need to backflush the filter to keep it working well; however, this is simple – you just hold the purified water bag above the unfiltered water bag to reverse the usual filtration process.
👍 What I Like
- 0. 2 micron filter provides thorough filtration
- Good filter lifespan, 330 gallons of water
- Good rate of flow for this type of filter
👎 What I Don’t Like
- Gravity water filters don’t provide immediate water access
- Can’t remove virus impurities
Katadyn Vario Water Filter
The Katadyn Vario Water Filter is another lightweight pump filter that’s small enough to fit in a large pocket or backpack. It offers efficient filtration, and can produce around 0.41 gallons of water in a single minute – that’s around 1.2 gallons of water in just 3 minutes.
Using the Katadyn is easy thanks to its clever design features. Both the inlet and outlet hoses are measured at 36 inches, giving you plenty of hose to work with and preventing the need to crouch next to a body of water. The outlet hose also features a plastic clip that you can use to connect it securely to a water bottle when you’re filling.
Though you do have to put in the bare minimum of effort to pump water, this isn’t a workout, as you may find with some water purifier pumps. Inside the system, the 0. 2 micron filter removes waterborne bacteria, while the carbon core filter removes pesticides and chemicals like chlorine that can affect water taste and smell. With a cleanable ceramic disk, you can get a longer lifespan out of the filter – roughly 500 gallons, which equates to more than a decade with proper care.
👍 What I Like
- Very long lifespan
- Lightweight and portable
- Fast filtration
👎 What I Don’t Like
- Some customers experienced leaking
- 0-rings require frequent lubrication
CrazyCap UV Purifier Bottle
The CrazyCap is a water purifier bottle that uses UV light to sterilize water, inactivating virus, bacteria and protozoa pathogens, preventing them from causing harm.
This is one of the easiest-to-use water purifier devices on the market – you simply fill the bottle with water, tap the lid, wait for purification to take place, then remove the lid and drink.
You can buy the CrazyCap in a number of different colors, so there’s something to suit everyone. Unlike some water filter bottles, this bottle looks genuinely attractive, rather than bulky and practical. The bottle is also insulated to keep water cold for up to 24 hours and hot for up to 12 hours.
There are three modes offered by this water purifier bottle: Normal Mode, Crazy Mode and Self-Cleaning Mode. Normal Mode cleans normal tap water, while Crazy Mode is well-suited for contaminated water sources and the Self-Cleaning Mode means you don’t have to clean the bottle yourself. The CrazyCap has been designed to last a lifetime, so you’ll never need to worry about filter replacements – and the bottle even comes with a lifetime warranty for reassurance.
👍 What I Like
- Requires no cleaning or filter changes
- Lasts for a lifetime
- Can remove virus microorganisms
👎 What I Don’t Like
- Can only be used with water that’s free of debris
LifeStraw Personal Water Filter
The LifeStraw Personal Water Filter removes more than 99.99% of waterborne bacteria, including E. Coli, and is one of the most convenient portable filters on the market. It can filter up to 4, 000 liters of water (or around 1, 000 gallons of water), making it one of the longest-lasting water purifiers available today.
The 0.2 micron filter meets EPA standards for contaminant removal, and is designed with portability in mind, weighing just 2 ounces and being small enough to fit in a bag or pocket. As it’s a straw filter, to use the LifeStraw, you’ll need to crouch or lie next to a body of water and drink. You could also collect water in a container and stick the straw into it for convenience.
You can store the LifeStraw in a bug out bag pocket or your car, and it’s always ready for use when you need it. You do need some sucking force to use this filter, especially when you’re drinking from heavily contaminated water, but it’s suitable for most people to use.
👍 What I Like
- One of the most convenient water purifiers
- Can easily be stored in a pocket, bug out bag, etc.
- Impressive lifespan of 4, 000 liters
👎 What I Don’t Like
- Doesn’t come with any attachments
- Sucking force required to drink water
🧾 Emergency Water Filter Buyer’s Guide
Keen to buy an emergency water filter, but don’t know where to begin? I’m not surprised – there are so many portable water filters out there, and most of them are completely different in design and filtration method. Once you’ve checked out the guide below, you’ll be able to refine your search based on your preferred filter types, simplifying the purchasing process immensely.
Why Water Filters Are Important to Emergency Preparedness
When we think about emergency preparedness, our top priorities are food and shelter – perhaps we make sure we’re stocked up on canned goods in our basement for if the unthinkable happens. But while food and shelter are undoubtedly important, they’d be frivolous without clean water.
You might think it’s fairly easy to come across a water source, whether it’s from your own home or a nearby stream or lake. The problem is, if your water source has been contaminated by flooding, you’re in pretty much the same situation as if it’s been cut off entirely. That’s because this water is no longer safe for drinking, and, like your local lake or stream, it’ll likely contain harmful microorganisms that could make you sick if you ingested them.
So having a water filter is just as much of a necessity as food – perhaps even more so, as we can survive without food for longer than we can without drinking water. Having an emergency water filter will allow you to make any water source safe for drinking – both contaminated city or well water supplies and freshwater sources.
You don’t just need a source of clean water for drinking, though that’s obviously its main purpose. In a rhetorical emergency situation, it makes sense that you may also need water for hygiene purposes, so you can stay genuinely clean when you wash, instead of adding more dirt to your body. Having a stockpile of a few water bottles isn’t going to get you far if you add washing into the equation.
You simply never know what might arise, and though most of us hope that an emergency will never befall us, you can at least feel satisfied that you’re prepared just in case.
Water Sources During Disasters & Emergencies
If a disaster or emergency contaminates or cuts off your water source, your accessible water sources may be limited.
If you do still have access to your home’s water, it may not be safe for drinking. Even if it looks clean to you, if contamination has occurred, it could be packed full of dangerous pathogens that aren’t visible to the human eye.
When you don’t have access to your home’s drinking water at all, things get even trickier. You could head to your local convenience store if it was safe to do so, but it likely wouldn’t take long for the shelves to be looted of water if everyone was in the same situation as you.
Your best bet, while waiting for your regular water supply to be restored, would be to take water from a freshwater source. But this certainly wouldn’t be clean, and you’d be exposed to the same harmful pathogens as you would from drinking contaminated city water.
Contaminant Risks With Untreated Water
There are a number of common impurities found in untreated water:
Bacteria & Viruses
Bacteria and viruses can cause illness and infection that can sometimes be life-threatening. You can be affected by the likes of typhoid, Legionnaire’s disease, cholera meningitis, hepatitis, polio, E. Coli and gastroenteritis when you drink untreated water. At best, a virus or bacteria may result in sickness and stomach upset; at worst, they can have permanent effects or lead to life-threatening illness.
Protozoa, such as giardia and cryptosporidium, are two common microorganisms that can cause disease when ingested in drinking water. When protozoa become human parasites – i.e. when they end up in a human body – they can affect the gut processing and make a person sick.
Protozoa form defensive cysts when they’re unable to find a host, so it’s likely that you’ll find protozoa in cyst form in an untreated drinking water supply. After consuming water containing cysts, you may experience mild to serious symptoms of diarrhea and dysentery. Severe infection can result in fever, and hydration – with safe drinking water – then becomes even more essential.
Chemicals like pesticides, herbicides, PFOS and PFOA may make their way into water in surface runoff. Usually, water is treated to remove the majority of these chemicals – ironically with chlorine, another chemical – but in untreated or contaminated water, you may find them in unsafe quantities. Drinking water that contains chemicals may result in a variety of short-term and long-term illnesses, depending on the level of impurities you’re dealing with.
Heavy metals like lead are some of the worst pollutants in natural water sources. Again, these metals are usually reduced to safe amounts in water, but in emergency situations, the levels of metal in your water may skyrocket. Lead is a particularly dangerous contaminant as it’s cumulative, which means it can’t be detoxed from the body and builds up in the bones, brain, liver and kidneys over time.
If your water has been contaminated by flooding, or you’re drinking from a freshwater source, it’s more than likely that you’ll find sediment. Suspended sand, dirt, dust and rust may give water a dull or cloudy appearance, and though it’s not unsafe in itself, it’s a marker that water likely contains a high level of bacteria that shouldn’t be consumed. Even if water looks clean, it may contain dissolved sediment that’s too small for you to see.
Finally, you’re likely to come across algae if you’re drinking untreated water. Water that looks green, slimy or scummy, and has a bad smell, may contain algal blooms that are toxic to human health. If you’re a dog-walker, you’ll know the importance of keeping your pets away from ponds and lakes containing algae, so it stands to reason that we certainly shouldn’t risk drinking algae-infested water ourselves.
Water Treatment Methods for Emergency Preparedness
You’re not limited to a single method when it comes to treating your drinking water and making it safe for consumption. The most effective water purification solutions are listed below.
Water filtration is one of the most common and widely available treatment methods. You can use a portable water filter to remove contaminants from whatever water source you come across. When water flows through the filter, the contaminants are trapped in the filter media, and only water particles can pass out of the other side.
To filter out pathogens like bacteria, protozoa and viruses, you need a filter with pores of 0.01 microns or smaller. Filters with larger pores, such as activated carbon filters, are effective for treating chemicals like chlorine and heavy metals like lead, but they won’t effectively trap microorganisms, so they’re not much help in an emergency situation.
UV sterilization is arguably the most effective means of emergency water purification on this list. While the odd contaminant or two may slip through the cracks if you’re using a water filter, UV sterilization provides a much more consistently reliable water treatment solution. With that said, UV purification can only be used for eliminating microorganisms, and not contaminants like heavy metals or chlorine.
Instead of filtering water, UV sterilization treats water with intense UV rays. Water flows through a chamber containing a UV lamp, which penetrates bacteria, viruses and protozoa and alters their DNA, making them unable to reproduce and cause harm. While these contaminants are still present in water, they’re now completely safe to consume.
Like UV sterilization, boiling water inactivates harmful pathogens such as viruses and bacteria. When you boil water, the heat damages the structure of the impurities, making them unable to reproduce or cause infection or disease.
It’s fine to drink cooled boiled water, as long as you’re storing it in a clean container which gives no opportunity for the water to be recontaminated by microorganisms. Again, boiling water will only remove the germs that might make you sick; it won’t remove the likes of lead, pesticides or nitrogen.
Chemical treatment is the water disinfection solution used by the majority of local authorities in the US for disinfecting water, as it’s the cheapest and most accessible method. With large-scale chemical treatment, chlorine or chloramines are added to water. These chemicals disinfect water by breaking the chemical bonds of bacteria, viruses and cysts, killing them and preventing them from breeding.
On a small scale, you can use your own chemicals for emergency water disinfection. You can use household bleach (make sure it’s unscented) to do this, as long as the label states that the bleach can be used for disinfection or sanitization purposes.
The table below, provided by the EPA, shows how much bleach you should add to water based on the type of bleach you’re using and the volume of water you need to disinfect.
|Volume of Water||Amount of 6% Bleach to Add||Amount of 8.25% Bleach to Add|
|1 quart/liter||2 drops||2 drops|
|1 gallon||8 drops||6 drops|
|2 gallons||16 drops (1/4 tsp)||12 drops (1/8 teaspoon)|
|4 gallons||1/3 teaspoon||1/4 teaspoon|
|8 gallons||2/3 teaspoon||1/2 teaspoon|
Finally, a water distiller can be used to provide a means of disinfecting water when you have access to electricity. To use a distiller, you’ll need to add water to the boiling chamber and switch the machine on. The distiller will boil water until it evaporates, leaving the majority of impurities (which have either been killed by the heat, are unable to change to gaseous form, or both) in the boiling chamber.
Water will then pass through a corridor, and as it cools, it will condense back into liquid form and collect inside a carafe. Distillation is a highly effective emergency preparedness solution as it removes all contaminants, from heavy metals to chemicals to pathogens, but it can only be used if you have access to a power source, which is a drawback if you plan to use a distiller exclusively in an emergency situation.
Types of Survival Water Filters
There is no single best water filter for emergency preparedness – which is great, because it means you have more choice. You can choose from the five types of water purification filters below, which should all serve you well in a survival situation.
Gravity-fed water filters are portable water filters that are ideal for providing clean drinking water for emergency preppers, hikers, campers and travelers.
A gravity filter system usually consists of four components: a dirty water bag, a filter, a connecting tube, and a clean water bag. The idea is simple: you fill the dirty water bag and connect it to the clean water bag via the tube and filter. For a gravity filter to work, you need to make sure the filter is vertical, and it’s best to hang the dirty water bag from a height to allow the force of gravity to send the water through the filter.
You’ll eventually be left with an empty dirty water bag and a clean water bag filled with filtered water. Gravity-fed water filtration works well if you’re staying in one location rather than moving around, as the gravity filtration process can take several minutes, especially if you’re making multiple batches of treated water.
A gravity water filter system may use a combination of filters, such as an activated carbon filter and a ceramic filter, to filter water. The combined filtration methods in a gravity filter can ensure that water is clean and free of contaminants like bacteria and protozoa.
An inline water filter usually has severe different uses, making it one of the most versatile options on this list. You may connect an inline filter to a dirty water bag and filter the water by squeezing the bag, forcing water out of the filter and into a clean container.
Most inline filters can also be screwed onto a standard plastic water bottle, and when you tip the bottle and squeeze it, you’ll be able to drink safe water straight from the filter. Another option is to use an inline filter as a straw and drink directly from a body of water.
An inline water filtration device is the best portable filtration solution if you’re looking for multiple options. You can simply choose the most easy-to-use, convenient drinking water solution for your family or switch between uses depending on your situation. Inline water filtration produces a high volume of water per minute if you use it with a squeeze bag or bottle. You may need more patience when using this filter as a straw.
An inline filter is also a good choice for washing and cleaning, as when you use it with a squeeze bag, it doesn’t require sucking pressure to produce purified water.
Typically, inline filters use a hollow fiber filter membrane. This hollow fiber membrane is made up of 0. 2 micron or 0. 1 micron pores, which are small enough to trap the smallest bacteria and protozoa impurities. Some inline filters may combine a carbon filter with a hollow fiber filter for improved water filtration.
You can choose from two different water purification bottles: water filter bottles and UV water bottles. This type of portable filter is quick and simple to use in an emergency – you just fill it with water and let the bottle do the hard work. Though these bottles only have a limited capacity, you can refill them as many times as you want throughout the day.
With a UV water bottle, you’re usually required to tap the bottle lid to activate the UV sterilization. Within a matter of seconds, your water will be clean, high-quality, and safe to drink.
A water filter bottle is slightly different: you add fresh water to the bottle and drink through a straw. Before reaching the straw of a water filter bottle, the water must pass through a filter, which will remove contaminants and make the water safe for drinking.
If you buy a bottle water filtration system with a removable filter, there’s no reason why you can’t use the filter without the filter in non-emergency situations, for drinking water that you know is healthy and safe.
Usually, bottle filters contain an activated carbon filter that has been designed to adsorb a wide variety of contaminants. With smaller pores than the average activated carbon filter, the filters in a bottle water filtration system are capable of removing most tiny impurities, including bacteria and protozoa.
Pump filters can purify water using the pushing force of somebody repeatedly pressing down on the pump. Generally, a pump filter is designed with the filter itself enclosed in filter housing, which is connected to the pump and two tubes. You place the end of the lead tube in your unclean water source, then press the pump to send the water through the filter and out of the other tube, where you can catch water in a clean container.
Pump filters are a great emergency water filtering solution for situations where you won’t need to move around a lot, but, of course, they take physical effort and are a bit bigger than most emergency filtration options on this list, which is a turn-off for some preppers.
The exact filter that’s used in a pump filter depends on the type of product you go for. Some pump filters use a ceramic filter, while some use a fiber filter, and some use either one of these filters alongside an activated carbon filter to produce great-tasting drinkable water. The ceramic filter will have a 0. 1 micron to 5 micron pore size for trapping small impurities like bacteria, while the activated carbon filter will have a larger pore size that’s designed for trapping larger impurities like chlorine and lead.
A pump filter is up there with the best filters for producing more liters of water at a faster rate because of the design of the filter system. The only real setback in terms of the quality of water filtration with this portable water filter system is that some bacteria, such as E. Coli, may be small enough to make it through the filter, so it’s not the best water filter if you’re looking for 100% effectiveness.
A straw filter is designed to allow you to drink directly from fresh water without contamination from parasites. You can use a straw in pretty much any water source, from lakes and streams to contaminated tap water. Stick one end of the straw into the water and drink through the other. The sucking pressure will force water through the filter and into your mouth.
Straw filters are incredibly convenient because of their small, compact size, and they often have a lifespan of more than a decade. But the problem with this type of filtering solution is that you’ll need to get pretty close to your water source to be able to drink from it, which may mean lying flat on the floor – something that not all members of your family may be capable of in emergencies. Another setback of the straw filter is that it requires a lot of sucking effort on your part to send water through the filter against gravity.
The actual filtration process of a straw portable water filter is simple. Filters tend to be made from a hollow fiber membrane, which is tightly woven to ensure even the tiniest bacteria and parasites are removed from your source of water.
Because there are multiple layers in a hollow fiber membrane, there’s less chance of certain impurities in your contaminated water source being able to slip through the filter media. The filter holes tend to be 0. 1 micron or 0. 1 micron in size, too, which theoretically means that only water particles will be able to pass through a straw filter system, and not the impurities.
Considerations When Buying an Emergency Water Filter
Once you’ve checked out emergency water filter reviews and you know the basics of what’s available, it’s time to think about what’s important to you. Before you start looking for purification options, consider the following:
It’s hard to predict the type of water that will be available to you in emergencies, so this really depends on how prepared you want to be. But the quality of your water source may affect the quality of your filtration technique. Even the best filters are only capable of removing a certain level of contaminants, so if it’s at all possible to test your water beforehand, I’d recommend doing that.
Maybe it’s only important to you that a filter can remove parasites, waterborne bacteria and viruses, in which case you have the most options. But perhaps you want a filter that can also remove contaminants like lead and chemicals. In this case, you’ll be better opting for a water distiller, which will remove a broad range of contaminants. Some portable water filters are also capable of removing larger contaminants, but check before you buy if that’s important to you.
In most cases, if you’re looking for a survival water filter, it just needs to disinfect water without actually improving taste and odor. But if you find a purification solution that can remove contaminants like chlorine and sulfur, you’ll be able to benefit from improved water taste, too.
How Long it Takes to Treat Water
No purification solution takes an excessive amount of time, and you’ll be able to access safe drinking water within a matter of hours, normally minutes, with all of the options mentioned in this guide. But you may want instant, within-the-second access to purified drinking water; in which case you may have to restrict your options somewhat.
Water distillers take around two to three hours to produce around 2 liters of water, making them the slowest option of all. But they offer the convenience of simply adding water to the boiling chamber and leaving the machine to do the entirety of the hard work for you.
Boiling water should only take a few minutes, though it takes some effort on your part, requires a cooktop of some definition, and isn’t failsafe – there’s no way to prove that you’ve killed the protozoa, bacteria and viruses, and so on when you’ve finished boiling.
Gravity water filters will require some patience, and generally take between 10 and 20 minutes to filter water, depending on the filter you’re using. If you’re looking for a filtering option with a faster flow rate, filter straws, bottles and pumps tend to be better, as you’re using a sucking or pumping force to send water through the filter immediately.
Daily Water Need
How many people do you plan to produce filtered, clean water for? Are you intending to provide for your whole family or just yourself? Your daily water need may not be an issue with certain water purification solutions on this list, but it’s best to be certain before you make a purchase.
Using a distiller or boiling water can be a lengthy process, and the setback here is that a distiller’s boiling chamber or your boiling pot can only hold a certain capacity of water. Yes, you can find the highest capacity distiller on the market, but it’ll probably still mean operating the distiller all day to make batch after batch if you’re purifying water for your whole extended family.
Things like straw filters, inline filters and bottle filters have a better capacity; in some cases an unlimited capacity. Think practically, though – if you’re sharing a straw filter between six people, it’ll take a while for everyone to satisfy their thirst, so you may want to purchase two or three filters to share around for the sake of logistics.
Remember to factor in your daily water need for things like washing, too. If your whole home has been left without water, you’ll probably want to access clean water for washing with, as opposed to a dirty water source that’s packed full of contamination particles. In that case, a water bottle filter with a straw or a straw filter alone probably won’t be suitable, as the only way to access purified water is to suck through the straw. Consider a filter with a squeeze bag instead, so you can force water out of the filter and into a clean pot for washing.
Weight & Size
It’s hard to predict an emergency situation beforehand, but you may want to consider whether having something large, bulky or heavy on your person might be an inconvenience if you have to leave your home.
For instance, owning a pot for boiling water or a distiller for purification purposes seems fine until you have to figure out how to transport it to your next location if you’re unable to stay at home. A UV water filter is another awkward one in terms of portability, as this type of filter may require installation at your home’s waterline.
You may feel better prepared to have a filtering solution that can easily be stashed in a backpack or even a large pocket, so you can easily take it with you if you need to. The majority of emergency filtering options on this list, including straws, gravity filters, bottles and squeeze filters, are designed with portability in mind. A word on UV purification – you can still benefit from this type of protection in lightweight, portable form if you purchase a UV purifier water bottle.
Clean Water Storage
Perhaps you want to make a batch of clean water in advance. In this case, you’ll need somewhere to store your water before you use it.
Most purification solutions don’t come with parts for water storage. Distillers are the exception, as they usually include a clean carafe that will catch the condensed water droplets as they drip out of the machine. UV water bottles also store clean, purified water, though they have a relatively limited capacity and will require regular refills.
In most cases, you’ll need to plan ahead and sort out your own water storage solutions. A large, 1-gallon or 2-gallon water bottle with a handle is a good idea, and should store enough water to meet a single person’s daily needs. If you have a big family, it’s generally more practical to use your filtering devices to refill the single water storage bottle rather than buying a bottle for each person.
When it comes to filter lifespan, some filtering solutions are more impressive than others. A water distiller, for instance, will pretty much last forever, as long as you look after it and clean out the boiling chamber regularly. UV bottle purification is the same – the purification process itself can’t be damaged by water or contaminants, though with a whole-home UV system, you’ll still need to replace your lamp once a year.
Water filters are a little different. You’ll generally find that portable survival filters last a lot longer than your average activated carbon filter because you can backflush them – or send water in the opposite direction through the filter to clear out the contaminants. Most filters have a lifespan of around 10 years, which is pretty good, but it’s important to know that that’s a shelf-life, so even if you’ve never needed to use a filter over that 10-year period, you’ll still need to replace it with a new one.
Some manufacturers have produced more durable filters than others, and there are even some filters on this list that will last a lifetime. You can judge whether a filter needs changing by its flow rate – if water is struggling to pass through the filter even with regular backwashing, it may be time for a new one. Though, of course, it’s no good discovering that your filter needs replacing when you’re facing an emergency.
Frequently Asked Questions
Do I need a water filter for emergencies?
The thing about emergencies is that you can never plan for them. That’s why it’s a good idea to have a survival water filtration device – because you simply never know when you might not have access to safe drinking water. Many people find it reassuring to know that they can purify water no matter what situation they may face.
Are emergency purification solutions easy to use?
It depends which one you go for. Straw filters and bottle filters are the easiest-to-use of all and require no setup, which makes them a good option for children. In any case, look for a purifier that’s self-explanatory or comes with clear instructions for use.
Can all emergency filters offer the same level of protection?
No. A UV purifier, for instance, tends to be the best all-round option for the removal of viruses, protozoa, and other parasites. Distillers are the same, as they can remove pretty much every single contaminant from water.
While many water filters are capable of removing viruses, bacteria, protozoa and cysts, be sure to read the small print carefully. Some filters can’t remove viruses at all, and some can’t remove bacteria below a certain size, simply because these contaminants are able to slip through the cracks. US freshwater generally doesn’t contain viruses, so virus removal may not be important to you, but it’s best to be aware before you buy.
Which is best, a UV purifier or a water filter?
It just depends on what you’re looking for. A water filter can remove contaminants from water, offering a high level of protection, but flow rate may be affected by repeated use. A slow flow rate means a longer wait for clean water, and you’ll need to put in the effort to backwash the filter regularly to improve flow. Some types of UV purifier, such as a UV water bottle, may be limited when it comes to storage capacity.
Should I opt for a trusted survival water purifier brand?
There are certainly advantages to buying from a brand like Berkey, LifeStraw or Sawyer Products. You get the peace of mind from knowing that your choice of emergency protection has acted as a reliable solution for many preppers before yourself, and the reassurance that you’re buying from a trusted brand.
But don’t discredit the innovative products that are being released by new manufacturers, as you can often get a great deal on something that’s just as impressive in quality and capabilities. Just be sure to read reviews – both impartial reviews and customer reviews by other preppers – before you part with your money.
How do I care for a survival water purifier?
If you’re using a portable filter for protection, you’ll need to backwash the filter regularly, preferably after every use, to maintain a good flow rate. You should also be aware of when the filter needs replacing. You should find specific instructions about how to look after your purifier in the user manual.
What’s the difference between a water filter and a water purifier?
You may have heard both terms being used interchangeably, which gets a little confusing. But scientifically speaking, a water filter uses filtration media to greatly reduce the number of contaminants in water. They’re a popular option amongst preppers as they remove contaminants, rather than just altering their makeup, but a setback of a filter is that it may not remove all microorganisms (most can’t remove viruses, for instance).
A water purifier, on the other hand, purifies water – which means it eliminates viruses, bacteria, protozoa and other pathogens in water. Water purifiers don’t usually filter impurities from water. Instead, they’ll use a technique like UV purification or distillation to either separate water from its impurities or kill the impurities and prevent them from causing harm.
Can I use a filtering solution for anything other than emergency preparedness?
Yes! Many preppers use their survival water purifiers for camping and hiking. This is a great way to test out your filter and actually get some use out of it (as you’d hope you’d never face an emergency in your lifetime). Some preppers may also use their purification devices in day-to-day life; for instance, a UV water bottle can be used to sterilize poor-tasting tap water as well as in survival situations.