Water Treatment Basics

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Community Water Treatment

Is filtering, disinfecting, and purifying water for drinking.

This takes place on a large scale and the U.S. EPA ensures that the public is supplied with safe and clean drinking water.

5 Stages  of Water Treatment

Municipal water goes through the following treatment steps:

Screening

Removing large objects like sticks and leaves

Coagulation / Flocculation

Cause suspended solids to bond together and become flocs

1

2

Filtration

Removes any suspended solids by using a filter or a biological process

Disinfection

Inactivates pathogens with a disinfectant, commonly chlorine or chloramine

Sedimentation

When the flocs sink to the bottom

3

4

5

Private  Water Treatment

Involves treating your own water at home even after it’s municipally treated.

It’s popular method for addressing additional contaminants that aren't taken of in the treatment facility.

Well Water  Treatment

Of course, it’s entirely different for private well owners. They don’t have the luxury of pre-treated water.

Common Water Treatment Applications

Point of Entry Water Treatment

Treating water as it enters the building or home

Water softeners

Whole-home cartridge filters

Whole-home tank-based filters

Sediment filters

UV Systems

Point Of Use Water Treatment

Treating water at specific points where it’s used

Under-sink filters

Faucet mounted filters

Countertop filters

Water filter pitchers/dispensers

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