The human body is fascinating, and many of us are keen to learn everything we can about the unseen processes that take place inside us.
Wondering how long it takes for us to pee after drinking water? We’ve shared everything you could possibly want to know in this guide.
It takes 15 minutes to two hours for a healthy person to urinate after drinking water. The exact time to urinate depends on how much water is already in your body, whether or not you have an overactive bladder, the volume of water you drink, your age, and more.
📌 Key Takeaways
- Most people pee within 15 minutes to two hours of drinking water.
- There are several factors that affect how long it takes to pee after drinking water, including the volume of water consumed, the weather, and certain medications and health conditions.
|Potential Time to Pee
|Volume of Water Consumed
|More water = shorter time to pee
|As little as 5 minutes for a full bladder, up to hours for low intake
|Type of Beverage
|Diuretics like caffeine and alcohol decrease pee time; some juices and sodas may irritate and increase urge
|Shorter time, especially with diuretics
|High activity may decrease pee time if sweat replaces urine, or increase it if well-hydrated
|Varies depending on hydration and sweating
|Babies and toddlers pee more frequently due to smaller bladders, adults less so
|Infants: hourly, children: up to 8 times/day, adults: 6-8 times/day
|Anecdotally, women may pee more often than men, but evidence is inconclusive
|Varies greatly between individuals
|Diet and Salt Intake
|High salt intake and water-rich foods increase frequency
|Can shorten time to pee
|Hot weather increases pee time if dehydrated, decreases it if drinking more
|Varies from frequent in hot weather to less frequent in cold weather
|Anxiety can affect pee frequency in both directions
|Varies depending on anxiety and type of response
|Diabetes, obesity, and other conditions can increase or decrease frequency
|Varies greatly depending on condition
|Diuretic medications decrease pee time
|Can shorten time significantly
|Hormonal changes and uterus pressure increase frequency
|More frequent throughout pregnancy, especially as it progresses
Table of Contents
🚽 How Long Do You Pee After Drinking Water?
A well-hydrated person with a close-to-full bladder will need to pee within five to fifteen minutes of drinking water.
A dehydrated person with an empty bladder may take up to nine hours to pee after drinking water.
There are numerous factors affecting how long it takes to pee after drinking water. We’ve shared these later in this guide.
Time to Pee After Drinking Water, By Age
Our bladders aren’t designed to ever get “full”. Instead, once they’re around one-quarter full, they signal to our brains that we need to pee. This prevents the damage that could be caused by the bladder actually becoming full and potentially bursting.
Your age plays a role in when you’ll need to pee after drinking water.
|Bladder size (ounces)
|Bladder size (mL)
|Time to fill bladder
|Time to pee
|Babies (0–12 months)
|Toddler (1–3 years)
|Child (4–12 years)
|30 min. – 1 hour
|8–9 hours (2 ounces per hour)
Time to Pee After Drinking Water, By Gender
Most people would agree that men don’t need to pee as often as women. There’s no scientific evidence to point at why this is – men and women have similarly-sized bladders, and both perform in the same way.
📌 However, some studies, showing the difference in peeing frequency in tracked urination diaries, show that women do pee more than men, on average – even when the men were found to have a higher-than-average fluid intake.
📖 Factors Affecting How Long it Takes to Pee After Drinking Water
There are 11 factors that affect the length of time it takes to pee after drinking water:
1. The Volume of Water Consumed
Your liquid intake is the most obvious cause of infrequent or frequent urination. The average peeing frequency is every four or so hours, with a “normal” water intake.
We’re advised to drink eight to twelve cups of water, or about two liters, per day. Increased water intake of more than eight cups will cause you to pee more frequently than your peers.
📌 How long does it take to pee if your fluid intake is lower than average? Potentially hours. Your peeing habits are closely linked to your water consumption.
The more water you drink, the more your body contains. That’s why you probably notice that, after your first pee of the day, you don’t need to pee for several hours because you haven’t been drinking throughout the night.
On the other hand, you probably notice that you pee more frequently towards the end of the day because you’ve been drinking steadily from morning to evening.
2. The Type of Beverage Consumed
Certain beverages, including those containing caffeine and alcohol, and soft drinks, are known to cause frequent urination.
Caffeine and alcohol are both well known diuretics. This basically means that they increase the amount of urine your body produces. This is because they both inhibit the hormone vasopressin also known as anti-diuretic hormone (ADH).
This is a hormone release by the pituitary gland that tells the kidney to re-absorb more water back into the body instead of producing urine to be eliminated. However, diuretics inhibit the release of ADH, which leads to increased urine production.
Unsweetened fruit juices and carbonated drinks may also increase your urge to urinate due to irritation to the bladder. Some soft drinks may also contain caffeine which can contribute to increased urine production.
3. Your Activity Level
Love working out? You might pee more frequently OR less frequently than your peers – it depends on how well you hydrate.
For instance, if you sweat it out at the gym for an hour every day and you don’t properly hydrate after your workout, your body will have less water to expel, and you’ll probably pee less frequently. On the other hand, if you overcompensate by drinking your entire bottle of water after a workout, you’ll probably need to pee not long after.
4. Your Age
We’ve already covered how age affects how often you pee due to the size of your urinary bladder. Babies and toddlers have a smaller urinary bladder than adults, so they have more frequent urination.
Adults are also able to better control their liquid intake and bladder urges, so they’re less likely to pee frequently compared to children.
Related Article: How many oz of water to drink in a day
5. Your Gender
We also mentioned earlier in this guide that there’s no definitive proof to say that men pee less frequently than water. However, anecdotally, and based on studies that reference pee diaries, women are known to pee more often than men.
Don’t take this one as a definite – but feel free to conduct your own experiment with a partner or family member of the opposite sex (and a similar age). Make sure you both drink the same fluids at the same times throughout the day, and see who needs to pee more frequently.
6. Your Diet and Salt Intake
If you eat a lot of salt in your diet, you may need to pee sooner and more frequently.
Excess salt needs to be diluted by water in the body. So, when we eat salty foods, our bodies store more water for this job. When the salt is processed, this water fills up the bladder, increasing the frequency of irritation.
📌 Aside from salty foods, there are other foods that are known to increase urine formation. Foods with a high water content, like certain fruits and veggies, soups, and some cheeses, will increase your overall water intake and cause you to pee more often.
7. The Weather
Just like exercise, the climate affects how much water your body loses through sweat, and the volume of urine formed as a result.
In hot climates, our bodies sweat to cool down. If you don’t drink plenty of water to make up for the water lost during sweating, you may end up dehydrated. Your body will contain less water, so you’ll urinate less frequently.
Or, you might drink more water than normal when the weather is warm, increasing your frequency of urination.
Cold weather works in the opposite way: we don’t sweat as much, and we don’t lose as much water. For this reason, we’re less likely to drink water because we don’t feel thirsty. Most people pee less frequently in the winter, when they’re often exposed to cold weather, for this reason.
8. Your Mental Health
Yes, your emotional health really can have an effect on your peeing frequency.
If you have anxiety around using the restroom, you may stop yourself from peeing when you need to, which may lead to urinary retention (when you’re unable to pee even when you feel the urge).
Anxiety is also known to put your body into “fight or flight” mode, which may make you feel the need to pee when you don’t need to.
9. Your Physical Health
Your physical health has a more obvious effect on how often you need to pee.
Certain health conditions are known to lead to increased urination or urinary incontinence. Type 1 and type 2 are some of the most common health conditions affecting bladder function.
📌 How long does it take to pee after drinking water if you have diabetes? You may pee twice as often as somebody who doesn’t have diabetes. That’s because your body is trying to get rid of excess sugar, and the easiest way to do this is through urination.
Obesity and increased body weight may also lead to urinary incontinence or increased urination.
There are several other health conditions that may affect your urinary and bladder health, including kidney stones, weakness of the pelvic muscles, nervous system damage, kidney disease, and urinary tract infections.
If you think you’re peeing far too often or not enough, discuss your symptoms with a doctor.
Certain medications act as diuretics, causing us to urinate sooner than usual and more frequently after drinking.
📌 Medications for kidney disease, heart failure, and high blood pressure are all known to increase peeing frequency.
Your doctor will be able to tell you whether or not your medication is a known diuretic.
Finally, pregnancy is known to increase the urge to pee. Increased urination frequency can be a sign of early pregnancy. This happens due to increased hormone production.
Increased urination frequency may also happen later in pregnancy as the baby gets bigger. This is because the uterus puts pressure on the bladder, increasing the frequency of urination, because the bladder has less space for storing urine.
The increased amount of blood in a pregnant woman’s body also increases her need to pee throughout the night.
❔How Long After Drinking Water Do You Pee? FAQ
Why do I pee straight after drinking water?
You might pee straight after drinking water if your body already contains a lot of water or if you have an overactive bladder or issues with kidney function. Speak to your doctor if your peeing habits are affecting your quality of life.
How long does it take for water to digest?
It takes 5-120 minutes for water to digest before you pee. Since water is a chemical entity, it isn’t actually digested by the body like food. Once it reaches the gastrointestinal tract, water is used to aid digestion and support chemical relations all around the body. Water that isn’t absorbed by the bloodstream passes out of the body as urine.